NAME
asn1dump, asn1toRSApriv, decodePEM, rsadecrypt, rsaencrypt, rsafill, rsagen, rsaprivalloc, rsaprivfree, rsaprivtopub, rsapuballoc, rsapubfree, X509toRSApub, X509rsagen, X509rsareq, X509rsaverify, X509rsaverifydigest – RSA encryption algorithm

SYNOPSIS
#include <u.h>
#include <libc.h>
#include <mp.h>
#include <libsec.h>

RSApriv* rsagen(int nlen, int elen, int nrep)

RSApriv* rsafill(mpint *n, mpint *e, mpint *d, mpint *p, mpint *q)

mpint*     rsaencrypt(RSApub *k, mpint *in, mpint *out)

mpint*     rsadecrypt(RSApriv *k, mpint *in, mpint *out)

RSApub*    rsapuballoc(void)

void       rsapubfree(RSApub*)

RSApriv* rsaprivalloc(void)

void       rsaprivfree(RSApriv*)

RSApub*    rsaprivtopub(RSApriv*)

RSApub*    X509toRSApub(uchar *cert, int ncert, char *name, int nname)

RSApriv* asn1toRSApriv(uchar *priv, int npriv)

void       asn1dump(uchar *der, int len)

uchar*     decodePEM(char *s, char *type, int *len, char **new_s)

uchar*     X509rsagen(RSApriv *priv, char *subj, ulong valid[2], int *certlen);

uchar*     X509rsareq(RSApriv *priv, char *subj, int *certlen);

char*      X509rsaverify(uchar *cert, int ncert, RSApub *pk)

char*      X509rsaverifydigest(uchar *sig, int siglen, uchar *edigest, int edigestlen, RSApub *pk)

DESCRIPTION
RSA is a public key encryption algorithm. The owner of a key publishes the public part of the key:
struct RSApub
{
mpint       *n;    /* modulus */
mpint       *ek; /* exp (encryption key) */
};

This part can be used for encrypting data (with rsaencrypt) to be sent to the owner. The owner decrypts (with rsadecrypt) using his private key:
struct RSApriv
{
RSApub      pub;
mpint       *dk; /* exp (decryption key) */
/* precomputed crt values */
mpint       *p;
mpint       *q;
mpint       *kp; /* k mod p–1 */
mpint       *kq; /* k mod q–1 */
mpint       *c2; /* for converting residues to number */
};

Keys are generated using rsagen. Rsagen takes both bit length of the modulus, the bit length of the public key exponent, and the number of repetitions of the Miller–Rabin primality test to run. If the latter is 0, it does the default number of rounds. Rsagen returns a newly allocated structure containing both public and private keys. Rsafill returns a newly allocated private key by recomputing kp, kq, and c2. Rsaprivtopub returns a newly allocated copy of the public key corresponding to the private key.

The routines rsaalloc, rsafree, rsapuballoc, rsapubfree, rsaprivalloc, and rsaprivfree are provided to aid in user provided key I/O.

Given a binary X.509 cert, the routine X509toRSApub returns the public key and, if name is not nil, the CN part of the Distinguished Name of the certificate's Subject. (This is conventionally a userid or a host DNS name.) No verification is done of the certificate signature; the caller should check the fingerprint, sha1(cert), against a table or check the certificate by other means. X.509 certificates are often stored in PEM format; use dec64 to convert to binary before computing the fingerprint or calling X509toRSApub. For the special case of certificates signed by a known trusted key (in a single step, without certificate chains), X509rsaverify checks the signature on cert. It returns nil if successful, else an error string.

X509rsaverifydigest takes a encoded PKCS #1 signature as used in X.509 as sig[siglen] and verifies it against the expected cryptographic hash edigest[edigestlen] of the signed data; returning nil on success or an error string.

X509rsagen creates a self–signed X.509 certificate, given an RSA keypair priv, a issuer/subject string subj, and the starting and ending validity dates, valid. Length of the allocated binary certificate is stored in certlen. The subject line is conventionally of the form
C=US ST=NJ L=07922 O=Lucent OU='Bell Labs' CN=Eric

using the quoting conventions of tokenize in getfields(2).

Asn1toRSApriv converts an ASN1 formatted RSA private key into the corresponding RSApriv structure.

Asn1dump prints an ASN1 object to standard output.

DecodePEM takes a zero terminated string, s, and decodes the PEM (privacy–enhanced mail) formatted section for type within it. If successful, it returns malloced storage containing the decoded section, which the caller must free, and sets *len to its decoded length. Otherwise nil is returned and *len is undefined. If not nil, new_s is set to the first character beyond the type section.

SOURCE
/sys/src/libsec

SEE ALSO
mp(2), aes(2), blowfish(2), des(2), dsa(2), elgamal(2), rc4(2), sechash(2), prime(2), rand(2), rsa(8)